Govardhan Puja or Annakut (‘mountain of food’) is the fourth day of the five day Diwali festival. It is celebrated on the first day of the bright lunar fortnight Shukla paksha in the month of Kartik of the Hindu calendar.
This festival is celebrated mainly with great zeal and enthusiasm in Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
It is said that on this day Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan mountain to save the people from the wrath of Lord Indra, the God of rain. It is celebrated as the day on which Lord Krishna defeated Indra. Lord Krishna emphasised and taught people to take care of our nature and worship nature, as mountains bring rains to earth and to stop worshiping the God of Rains, Lord Indra.
Govardhan Puja Ritual :
On this day people worship Lord Krishna. On this day people make a mountain of food is decorated symbolizing Govardhan mountain. In some places, people make a mountain of cow dung to symbolise Mount Govardhan. After making such hillocks people decorate them with flowers and then worship them. They move in a circle all round the cow dung hillocks and offer prayers to Lord Govardhan.
Govardhan Puja 2016 Date :
In 2016, Govardhan Puja will be celebrated on 31st October 2016.
This day is celebrated as Bali Pratipada by Indian Southern, while people of Gujarat celebrate the day as their New year known as Bestu Varsh or Nutan Varsh, and this day marks the start of Gujarati Calendar known as Vikram Samvat.
Also Read : Dhanteras | Kali Chaudas | Diwali Lakshmi Pujan | Govardhan Puja | Bali Pratipada | Gujarati New Year | Bhau Beej