Gudi Padwa is celebrated on the first day of Hindu calendar month Chaitra (March-April as per the Gregorian Calendar). Gudi Padwa is the Marathi name for Chaitra Shukla Pratipada. The day is also known as Samvatsar Padvo.
The day marks the New Year’s Day for Maharashtrians and Hindu Konkanis in India.
The days also marks Hindu New Year according to Luni-Solar calendar and is celebrated as Ugadi / Yugadi in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. The Hindu New Year is also celebrated based on Solar Calendar which is also celebrated as Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, Bihu in Assam, Vaisakhi in Punjab, Pana Sankranti in Orissa and Naba Barsha in West Bengal and is normally celebrated on or around 14th April every year.
Luni-Solar calendars consider the Lunar stages i.e. the position of the Moon along with the position of the Sun to divide a year into months, days, hour, etc. On the other hand Solar calendar considers only position of the Sun to divide the year into months and days. This is reason that Hindu New Year is celebrated twice in the year with different names and at two different times of the year.
The day is also celebrated as Chedi Chand (Sindhi New Year), Navreh (Kashmiri New Year).
There are many legends associated with the festival. According to once such legend, the Brahma Purana declares Gudi Padwa to be the time on which Lord Brahma created the world after the great deluge and the Satyug began.
Gudi Padwa is one of the 3 and a half days in the Indian Lunar calendar called “Sade-Teen Muhurt”, whose every moment is considered auspicious in general to start a new activity.
The festival gets it name from the Gudi which is set up by the people on the right side of the main entrance of the house. It is a common belief that Gudi brings prosperity and good luck to the house. Gudi comprises of a pole or a bamboo stick on top of which is a upturned silver or copper pot which is decorated with a yellow cloth, flowers and mango leaves.
On this day first thing that people do is take a customary oil bath in the morning and wear new clothes. Then the house entrance is decorated especially with mango leaves flowers and other decorative. Then the puja is performed and it is also considered auspicious to listen to Panchanga Shravana on this day. It is customary to begin this day by eating the bitter sweet leaves of neem tree which has medicinal effect. Prasad made of neem leaf paste, tamarind, ajwain, pulses and jaggery is distributed on this day. Various delicacies are served for the day most important being the pooran poli, poori and srikhnad. It is considered an auspicious day to start new ventures and to buy gold ornaments and property and other valuables.
On this day people wish each other in Marathi saying – Gudipadvyachya Hardik Shubhechha.
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Gudi Padwa 2017 Date :
In 2017, Gudi Padwa will be celebrated on Tuesday, 28th March 2017.