Christmas is a Christian holiday, celebrated annually on December 25 which commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ, a spiritual leader whose teachings form the basis of Christian religion.
The world “Christmas” itself is a compound word originating from the term “Christ’s Mass”.
Christmas Day is celebrated as a major festival and public holiday in most of the countries around the world, including many whose populations are mostly non-Christian.
Birth of Jesus Christ :
Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus to the Virgin Mary as a fulfillment of the Old Testament’s Messianic prophecy.
The Bible contains two accounts, which describe the events surrounding the birth of Jesus. These biblical accounts are found in the Gospel of Matthew, namely Matthew 1:18, and the Gospel of Luke, specifically Luke 1:26 and 2:40. These two accounts tell two versions of the same story.
According to these accounts, Jesus was born to Virgin Mary, assisted by her husband Joseph, in the city of Bethlehem.
According to the Christmas Story – Mary gave birth to Jesus in the primitive lodgings of an animal stable, referred to as Jesus manger.
According to the Gospel of Luke, Shepherds from the fields surrounding Bethlehem were first to see the child after they were told about birth of Jesus by angels. It is also said that three kings or wise men (named Melchior, Caspar, and Balthazar) visited the infant Jesus in the manger.
According to the Gospel of Matthew, an unspecified number of magi, or astrologers, visited Jesus sometime after he was born while the family was living in a house (Matthew 2:11) and gave gifts like gold, frankincense, and myrrh to the young child Jesus. The visitors were said to be following a mysterious star, commonly known as the Star of Bethlehem, believing it to announce the birth of a king of the Jews.
Hence, during Christmas, some Christians display a small re-creation of the Nativity, known as a Nativity scene or crèche, in their homes, using figures to portray the key characters of the event.
Such Nativity scenes are traditionally set in a stable with livestock and include Mary, Joseph, the infant Jesus in the manger, the three wise men, the shepherds and their sheep, the angels, and the Star of Bethlehem