Day of Our Lady Guadalupe (Spanish – La Virgen de Guadalupe) celebrated annually on December 12 is Mexico’s most important religious holiday.
Our Lady of Guadalupe (Spanish: Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe), also known as the Virgin of Guadalupe (Spanish: Virgen de Guadalupe) is a celebrated Roman Catholic icon of the Virgin Mary. The icon is Mexico’s most popular religious and cultural image, bearing the titles: the Queen of Mexico.
On this day people from all over Mexico travel to the chapel Tepayac Hill in Mexico City, where the mother of Jesus is said to have appeared before an Indian peasant named Juan Diego back in 1531.
It is believed that Mary told Juan Diego to go to the bishop and ask him to built a church on the hill so she could be close to her people. When Juan told this to the bishop, needing a proof of this vision, bishop asked Juan to have a miracle performed by Mary. When Juan returned to Tepayac Hill where he had seen Mary, he found roses growing where there had only been cacti. Juan wrapped the roses in his tilma (cape) to show the bishop. Now when When Juan opened the cloak before Bishop on December 12, the flowers fell to the floor, and in their place was the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe, miraculously imprinted on the fabric.
Huge fiestas are also held all over Mexico and Central America to honor the day of Our Lady of Guadalupe.