After independence and the Partition of India in 1947, the new Indian government grouped the former princely states of Gujarat into three larger units; Saurashtra, which included the former princely states on the Kathiawar peninsula, Kutch, and Bombay state.
In 1956, Bombay state was enlarged to include Kutch, Saurashtra, and parts of Hyderabad state and Madhya Pradesh in central India. The new state had a mostly Gujarati-speaking north and a Marathi-speaking south. Agitation by Marathi nationalists for their own state led to the split of Bombay state on linguistic lines.
On 1 May 1960, it became the new states of Gujarat and Maharashtra and thus Gujarat is home to the Gujarati-speaking people of India. The first capital of Gujarat was Ahmedabad; the capital was moved to Gandhinagar in 1970.
Since then this Indian state celebrates its statehood on 1st May every year with Maharashtra Day and Labour’s Day.