Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born on 22nd December 1666 at Patna, Bihar, India. He was a Warrior, Poet and Philosopher and was also the tenth Guru of the Sikh Community and therefore the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh Ji is celebrated as a festival by the Sikh Community. It is a religious celebration in which prayers for prosperity are offered.
The annual celebration of the Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s birthday is based on the Nanakshahi calendar. It is celebrated on the 23rd Day of Sikh calendar month Poh (ਪੋਹ) which coincides with 5th January.
He succeeded his Father Guru Tegh Bahadur as the Leader of Sikhs at the young age of nine. He contributed much to Sikhism; notable was his contribution to the continual formalisation of the faith which the First Sikh Guru Ji Guru Nanak had founded, as a religion, in the 15th century. Guru Gobind Singh’s teachings have a big impact on Sikhs. In his lifetime, he stood against the Mughal Rulers and fought against injustice. He took five men from the lower caste of society and baptized them as His Five Beloveds, endowing them with great courage and a devotion to God. It was his dedication to God, his fearlessness and his desire to protect the people from being oppressed.
Guru Gobind Singh, the last of the living Sikh Gurus, initiated the Sikh Khalsa (a military force of saint-soldiers which he baptized) in 1699, passing the Guruship of the Sikhs to the Eternal Guru of the Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib (Sikhism’s Holy Scripture to be the permanent Sikh Guru). He died on 7th October 1708.
It is common for large processions held for Guru Gobind Singh in India are decorated with religious posters, banners, flags, flowers and other things that portray the different aspects of Sikhism and specially with symbol of Sikh–Ek-Onkar. It go through markets on Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti.
People sing devotional songs during the procession and share sweets and a cold drink or a sharbat among the adults and children. There are also special prayer gatherings that are held at places of worship known as Gurudwaras. Historical lectures are conducted and poems recited as part of praising the Guru on his birthday. Special dishes that are unique to this occasion are prepared and served during the festivities.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti (Gurpurab) 2016 Date :
In 2016, Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti (Gurpurab) will be celebrated on 16th January 2016.
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