On 1st February 1946 Hungary commemorates the proclamation of Republic of Hungary also known as “Memorial Day of the Republic” or “A köztársaság emléknapja” in Hungary. Since 2004, this day is a national commemoration day, not a public or national holiday. In 1946 the Parliament of Hungary abolishes the monarchy after nine centuries, and proclaims the Hungarian Republic.
Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine, and Romania to the east, Serbia, and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The country’s capital, and largest city, is Budapest. Hungary is a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the Visegrád Group, and the Schengen Agreement. The official language is Hungarian, also known as Magyar, which is part of the Finno-Ugric group and is the most widely spoken non-Indo-European language in the European Union.