Islamic Calendar also known as Muslim calendar or Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 months in a year consisting of 354 or 355 days.
The Islamic year begins on the first day of Islamic month of Muharram, and is counted from the year of the Hijrah —the year in which Muhammad emigrated from Mecca to Medina in the year 610 C.E. (Hijrah means “migration” in Arabic).
Islamic Calendar is used to date events in many Muslim countries (concurrently with the Gregorian calendar), and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper days on which to observe the annual fast (see Ramadan), to attend Hajj, and to celebrate other Islamic holidays and festivals.
The Islamic calendar is the official calendar in the Middle-East & Gulf, especially Saudi Arabia. However other Muslim countries use the Islamic calendar for only religious occasions.
Muslims around the world will be celebrating the Islamic New Hijri Year 1435 on 5th November 2013.
The Twelve months of Islamic Hijri Calendar are -
- Muharram (Forbidden)
- Safar (Empty” or “Yellow)
- Rabia Awal (First spring)
- Rabia Thani (Second spring)
- Jumaada Awal (First freeze)
- Jumaada Thani (Second freeze)
- Rajab (To respect)
- Sha’ban (To spread and distribute)
- Ramadan (Parched thirst)
- Shawwal (To be light and vigorous)
- Dhul-Qi’dah (The month of rest)
- Dhul-Hijjah (The month of Hajj)
Islamic Calendar 1435 AH / 2014 Festival Dates :
|Festival day||1435 AH|
|Islamic New Year||5th November 2013|
|Ashura||14th November 2013|
|Mawlid an-Nabi||24th January 2014|
|Laylat al-Miraj||5th June 2014|
|Laylat al-Baraat||23th June 2014|
|Ramadan||10th July 2014|
|Laylat al-Qadr||4th August 2014 (night)|
|Eid al-Fitr||9th August 2014|
|Eid al-Adha||16th October 2014|
Calendar Courtesy - www.makkahcalendar.org