After Indian independence, Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti demanded unification of all Marathi-speaking regions under one state. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was of the opinion that linguistic reorganization of states should be done on a “One state – One language” principle and not on a “One language – One state” principle.
For which he submitted a memorandum to the reorganization commission stating that a “single government can not administer such a huge state as United Maharashtra”. The first state reorganization committee created the current Maharashtra state on 1 May 1960. The Marathi-speaking areas of Bombay State, Deccan states and Vidarbha united, under the agreement known as Nagpur Pact, to form the current state of Maharashtra.
Since then 1st May is celebrated as Maharashtra Formation Day by all the people living in Maharashtra, irrespective of their caste or creed.