Navadurga : 9 Forms of Shakti Worshipped in Navaratri

Navdurga is a sanskrit word in which Nav – nine and Durga – A Goddess according to Hindu mythology.

Navdurga - 9 Forms of Durga

Navdurga is nine forms of Durga being worshiped by the devotees espeacially during the nine days of Navratri. These nine forms – name, pictures and paintings differ from region to region.

The most widely accepted account of the nine forms of Durga is the one found in the Devi Mahatmya – Sailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skanda Mata, Katyayani, Kalaratri, Maha Gowri and Siddhidayini.

Navadurga – 9 Forms of Shakti Worshipped in Navaratri :

Goddess Sailaputri Maa Photo

Sailaputri or Shailaputri : Shailaputri is worshipped on the first day of Navaratri. Sailaputri was first born as Sati, daughter of Daksha and then as Parvati, the daughter of Himalaya and wife of Lord Shiva. This is one of the very first forms of Shakti and is closely associated with Lord Shiva. She is two-armed and carries a trident (trishul) and Lotus.

Shailputri Mata Matra :

Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Shailputri rupena samsthita I
Namestasyai II Namestasyai II Namestasyai II
Namo Namah II

Goddess Brahmacarini Maa Photo

Brahmacharini : Brahmacharini also known as Tapasyacharini and Devi Yogni and is worshipped on the second day of Navrathri. She is in a highly pious and peaceful form or is in meditation. Brahmacharini is related to the severe penance undertaken by Sati and Parvati to have Lord Shiva as husband. Some of the Vratas observed by women in different parts of India is based on Brahmacharini. She is two-armed carrying a rosary and sacred water pot (Kamandalu).

Brahmacharini Mata Matra :

Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Brahmacharini rupena samsthita I
Namestasyai II Namestasyai II Namestasyai II
Namo Namah II

Goddess Candraghanta Maa Photo

Chandraghanta or Chandra-khanda : Chandraghanta is worshipped on the third day of Navarathri. Chandraghanta completely different from earlier forms of Goddess Durga – roaring in anger. This form shows that when Goddess Durga is provoked she can be the terrible or malevolent. She is 10-armed carrying pot, bow, arrow, lotus, discus, rosary, trident, mace and sword and rides a tiger.

Chandraghanta Mata Matra :

Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Chandraghanta rupena samsthita I
Namestasyai II Namestasyai II Namestasyai II
Namo Namah II

Goddess Kusmanda Maa Photo

Kushmanda : Kushmanda is worshipped on fourth day of Navratri. This is a very happy form of Goddess Durga. It is said that the eternal darkness ended and creation of the universe began when she smiled. She is eight-armed carrying kamandalu, bow, arrow, lotus, pot containing wine, disc, rosary and a club and rides on a tiger. Kushmanda creates solar system by liberating her power to Lord Sun.

Kushmanda Mata Matra :

Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Kushmanda rupena samsthita I
Namestasyai II Namestasyai II Namestasyai II
Namo Namah II

Goddess Skanda Maa Photo

Skanda Mata : Skanda Mata is worshipped on the fifth day of Navaratri. Skanda Mata is the mother of Lord Muruga or Subrahamniya or Kartik. This is the motherly form of Durga and she is benevolent. She is four-armed carrying lotus, kamandalu, bell and one hand is in blessing posture and rides on a lion.

Skandamata Matra :

Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Skandamata rupena samsthita I
Namestasyai II Namestasyai II Namestasyai II
Namo Namah II

Goddess Katyayani Maa Photo

Katyayani : Katyayani is worshipped on the sixth day of Navrathri. Katyayani is the daughter form of Durga. It is believed that in this form she was born as a daughter to Sage Katya of Katya clan. She gets energy from trinity and demi Gods, then the Goddess was known as Maa Katyani. She is epitome of love also won’t hesitate to rise up in anger. She is four-armed carrying a sword, shield, lotus and one hand is depicted as giving blessing and rides a lion.

Kathyayini Mata Matra :

Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Kathyayini rupena samsthita I
Namestasyai II Namestasyai II Namestasyai II
Namo Namah II

Goddess Kalaratri Maa Photo

Kalaratri : Kalaratri form of Durga is worshipped on seventh day of Navarathri. This is the violent and dark side of Durga depicting that life also has dark side. Kalaratri is dark and repulsive in appearance with cruelity and excitment. She is four-armed carring sword, trident, noose and one hand she blesses and rides a donkey.

Kaalratri Mata Matra :

Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Kaalratri rupena samsthita I
Namestasyai II Namestasyai II Namestasyai II
Namo Namah II

Goddess Mahagauri Maa Photo

Mahagauri or Maha Gowri :  Mahagowri form of Durga is worshipped on the eighth day of Navratri. Mahagowri depicts pure form of Goddess Durga and it is believed to have been in the form of Mata Parvati when she did penance to get Shiva as her husband. She is four-armed and carries a trident and hand-drum and two hands are in blessing postureand she rides on a bull or a white elephant.

Mahagauri Mata Matra :

Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Mahagauri rupena samsthita I
Namestasyai II Namestasyai II Namestasyai II
Namo Namah II

Goddess Siddhidatri Maa Photo

Siddhidayini or Siddhidatri : Siddhidayini is worshipped on the ninth day of Navaratri. In this form Durga removes ignorance and she provides the knowledge. She is surrounded by Siddhas, Gandharvas, Yakshas, Demons and Gods who are worshipping her. She is seated on a lotus and is four armed carrying a lotus, mace, discus and book.

Siddhidaatri Mata Matra :

Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Siddhidaatri rupena samsthita I
Namestasyai II Namestasyai II Namestasyai II
Namo Namah II

If you Like This Post Please Comment Below and Share ...