Makar Sankrant is the first Hindu festival of the solar calendar year, falling on January 15. It is one of the most auspicious times for the followers of the Hindu religion.
On January 15, the Sun enters the zodiac sign of Makar ( Capricorn) and therefore it is named as Makar Sankrant. Sankrant means the movement from one zodiac sign to another.
It is a special date when the day and night are of equal duration. Henceforth, the duration of the day becomes longer thereby providing a reason for celebration.
Sankrant the symbol of the beginning of the harvest season and the end of winter season. The Sun God, Surya, is said to turn his back on winter and this period of his return is consider to be very auspicious. It is believed that a person who dies in this period attains ‘moksha’ (salvation) and escapes the cycle of birth and death.
In the Indian state of Maharashtra this period is called as Sankraman Kal. On this day sweets are prepared from Til (sesame) and Gul (jaggery) which again warms your body. Its an occasion to visit near and dear ones and distribute tilgul saying “Tilgul ghya, god god bola” that means “Take a tilgul and talk sweet as it”. The under-lying thought in the exchange of tilguls is to forget the past ill-feelings and hostilities and resolve to speak sweetly and remain friends.